Read Models.

Add active-record style, read-only models to a Doctrine project for easier querying and separation of presentation from data.

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Type Casting.

Type Casting
Identity Map
Profiling / Testing

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Casting Data

Read models utilises an extended AttributeCaster system to convert scalar types to objects. Several casters are provided including a DoctrineTypeCaster. Using the DoctrineTypeCaster allows directly casting to any known (registered) DBAL type. Add the doctrine type to the casts array for the attribute:

class User extends Model

    protected $casts = [
        'created_at' => 'datetime',
        'updated_at' => 'datetime',
        'uuid' => 'uuid',
        'website_url' => 'url',
        'location' => 'resource:geometry',

Certain DBAL types expect a resource to work with (e.g. Creof GeoSpatial Postgres types). Prefix the type with resource: and the string will be converted to a resource and passed through.

Note: types requiring converting to a resource may require explicitly registering by calling either:

  • Manager::instance()->caster()->add($doctrineCaster, ['resource:...']) or,
  • Manager::instance()->caster()->extend('geometry', ['resource:...'])

Embeddables / Casting to Value Objects

Just like Doctrine ORM, you can embed and hydrate value-objects into the read models. These can be the exact same VOs used in the main domain (this is safe, VOs are immutable). Like with Doctrine, these are mapped as types against the attribute name you want the resulting VO to be loaded to:

class UserContact extends Model

    protected $casts = [
        'contact' => Contact::class, // or 'contact' if that alias was registered

The Contact class has the following signature:

class Contact

    public function __construct($name, ?PhoneNumber $phone, ?EmailAddress $email)

To cast this a custom AttributeCaster is needed. All casters must implement the interface to be registered in the Managers master caster system. For the above Contact VO, the caster could be:

use Somnambulist\Components\ReadModels\Contracts\AttributeCaster;

class ContactCaster implements AttributeCaster
    public function types(): array
        return ['contact', Contact::class];

    public function supports(string $type): bool
        return in_array($type, $this->types());

    public function cast(array &$attributes, string $attribute, string $type): void
        $attributes['contact'] = new Contact(
            $attributes['contact_phone'] ? new PhoneNumber($attributes['contact_phone']) : null,
            $attributes['contact_email'] ? new EmailAddress($attributes['contact_email']) : null,

        unset($attributes['name'], $attributes['contact_phone'], $attributes['contact_email']);

When the Contact is created, the name, contact_phone and contact_email attributes are used to build the value-object. This is then set to the key contact. As the attributes array is passed by reference, the original attributes can be removed (unset()), though this will mean other casters will not be able to access them.

It is recommended to guard against empty attribute arrays, or where the attributes only contain partial results.

The types() method is used to pre-register the names that the caster will respond to. Any number of casters can be registered, however the type name must be unique. If you require variations use either class names, or prefixed names to distinguish.

The result is something like:

  #attributes: array:3 [
    "id" => 1
    "user_id" => 1
    "contact" => Contact^ {#54
      -name: "A Contact"
      -phone: Somnambulist\Domain\Entities\Types\PhoneNumber^ {#138
        -value: "+12345678901"
      -email: Somnambulist\Domain\Entities\Types\Identity\EmailAddress^ {#139
        -value: ""

Built-in Casters

The following built-in casters are available:

  • AreaCaster - cast to an Area value-object (requires: somnambulist/domain)
  • CoordinateCaster - cast to a Coordinate value-object (requires: somnambulist/domain)
  • DistanceCaster - cast to an Area value-object (requires: somnambulist/domain)
  • DoctrineTypeCaster - cast to any register Doctrine type
  • ExternalIdentityCaster - cast to an ExternalIdentity value-object (requires: somnambulist/domain)
  • MoneyCaster - cast to a Money value-object (requires: somnambulist/domain)

The built-in casters can be registered in a DI container for re-use.